What is BharatNet scheme
BharatNet scheme was initially launched in 2015 by PM Modi. Telecom Ministry operates this scheme. Under this scheme, all the villages of India will be connected to the Internet. In a way, this scheme is a campaign to connect the villages of India with the Internet.
BharatNet will give life to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Digital India mission. Two and a half lakh villages have been connected under this scheme. The work is still going on.
BharatNet is a multi-pronged scheme. There are many benefits of connecting the village to the Internet. This will help in increasing employment, education, medical and e-commerce business in the village.
On 15 August 2020, the PM Modi had announced to connect all the villages of the country with the Internet within 1000 days. BharatNet scheme was announced after that.
Phases of BharatNet scheme
So far, three phases have been fixed in this plan.
- Phase I : The target of 100000 villages was set in the first phase. The last date for the first phase was December 2017. On 28 December 2017, the then Telecom Minister Shri Manoj Sinha ji informed that 101370 gram panchayats have been connected to the internet. For this optical fiber cables have been laid in all these villages.
In the first phase, good work has been done in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Jharkhand.
- Phase II : It was targeted by March 2019. In this phase optical fiber internet was to be provided in all the villages. In this phase, attention was also paid to increase the participation of the state governments.
The use of radio, satellite media and electric poles was also recognised for Internet service. The target of March, 2019 was set to complete the second phase. Eight states have been included in the second phase.
- Phase III : The target of Phase III was set from 2019 to 2023. In this phase, a target has been set to connect all the blocks with the district.
Further in this article you will get to know more about BharatNet.
Information about the work completed under this scheme
On 28 December 2017, the then Telecom Minister Shri Manoj Sinha ji informed the media about BharatNet scheme. He informed that 1,01,370 gram panchayats have been connected with broadband connectivity. 2 lakh 54 thousand 895 km of optical fiber cables have been laid. Optical fiber cable has been shown in 1,09,926 gram panchayats.
Apart from this, on June 11, 2018, union ministers Piyush Goyal and Ravi Shankar Prasad launched schemes to strengthen CSC. Wi-Fi facility will be provided to 5000 village Choupals under CSC. This initiative was part of Digital India movement.
Apart from this, CSC will also be given railway ticket booking rights. For this CSC has signed MOU with IRCTC. All these works are being looked after under the Prime Minister’s Digital India Mission.
Preparations are on to promote CSC further. CSC will also act as agent of nationalised Bank in near future. Apart from this, CSC will be established as a centre for Insurance, banking and Aadhar Card. Over time CSC will be linked with more facilities.
BharatNet scheme – 2021
On June 30, 2021, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi made some improvements in the BharatNet scheme. He launched the 3P model. 3P model means public-private-partnership. Now some private companies will also work with the government in this scheme.
Under this, work will be done under BharatNet scheme in 16 states. The government started this scheme by giving an advance contribution of Rs 19,041 crore.
In this phase 3,61,000 villages will be linked to this scheme. The total expenditure will be Rs 29,430 crore. In this, the government has contributed 19041 crores. The rest of the expenses will be borne by the private companies.
The Union Minister said that under this scheme ₹ 95000 would be spent in 30 years. But under the Public Private Partnership model, the government will save a lot in this.
Why did Government of India launched this scheme
Government wants to connect villages with internet. So that Indian villages can stand with rest of the country.
Why is the government spending so much on BharatNet in India?
The Government of India is working closely with private companies on this scheme. According to the latest figures, Rs 61,109 crore has been spent so far.
The government is spending on this scheme for a specific purpose. By connecting the villages with modern technology, the government wants to connect them with modern India.
After the internet facility comes in the village, this will increase the education sector, medical e-commerce business. That is why the government is working closely with private companies on the BharatNet scheme.
Public Feedback of BharatNet scheme
This plan has got very good feedback. People are feeling very good by connecting with modern technology. It is a multi-pronged plan. This will have wide ranging consequences.
Due to this people are getting internet speed from 2 megabyte to 20 megabyte. This speed is justified to run any work smoothly.
CSCs will have to be further strengthened so that the village gets the benefit of Digital India.
Many thanks to all of you for reading this article. Hope you liked this article. Stay connected with us for further information related to this scheme. From time to time we will keep publishing updates related to this scheme in this article.
Please feel free to write your comments for an information.